Ruling on placing book in the grave

Question:

We have a strange practice and would like to know the religious ruling on it. Some people place a book they call ‘Al-Dawshan’ or ‘Al-Qudwah’ in the grave with the dead person. The people who wrote these books say that they make the dead person stand firm while answering the angel’s questions.

Answer:

It is not permissible to place any books with the dead person believing that they will make them stand firm while answering the two angels’ questions. It is Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) Alone Who makes the slave firm as He says: “Allâh will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world (i.e. they will keep on worshipping Allâh Alone and none else), and in the Hereafter. And Allâh will cause to go astray those who are Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers), and Allâh does what He wills.” [Ibrahim: 27] Besides, this is an act of Bid’ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he said: “Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islam) that is not part of it will have it rejected.” [1]

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

[1] Sahih Al-Bukhari [Book on reconciliation] no. 2697; Sahih Muslim [Book on judicial decisions] no. 1718; Abu Dawud[Book on Al-Sunnah] no. 4606; Ibn Majah [Introduction] no. 14; Musnad Ahmad p. 6/240.

  • Source(s): Fatwas of the Permanent Committee of KSA no.3596-1
  • Mufti(s): Shaykh Ibn Baz , Shaykh Abdul-Razzaq al-Afifi , Shaykh Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan , Shaykh Abdullah ibn Qa'ud